Saturday, February 05, 2011

Learn about Linfield leader Emanuel Northup

Who was Emanuel Northup for whom Northup Library and Northup Hall was named? Learn about him by reading information posted here.

Source: Bricks Without Straw – The Story of Linfield College By Jonas A. Jonnason 1938
Based on action of the McMinnville College Board of Trustees on June 13, 1888, that the Rev. Emanuel Northup of West Oneonta, N.Y., was offered the position of professor of mathematics. According to Jonnason’s book, “the position … was not very attractive. The struggling school was three thousand miles from his present home, and the promised salary was only $650 a year. The offer was accepted, however, and in September of that year he and his family crossed the continent to help build an institution that bore the name ‘college’ but was in reality little more than a mediocre academy. Nothing in the experience of the thirty-seven-year-old professor-elect, either as a student in Colgate University from which he graduated in 1879 or at the seminary that is now the Divinity School of the University of Chicago where he was a student from 1879 to 1883, not in his brief pastoral service in the East, prepared him for the temporary disappointment caused by his first view of McMinnville. He had pictured the town as a place of beauty, perhaps like some of the college communities he had known in the East, and it was only a relatively crude western hamlet. ‘There were broken or no sidewalks, falling barns and crumbling fences, shabby weather beaten dwellings, deep dust filled the streets with big boulders make the streets nearly impassible. In the one college building, then heated with wood stoves, three teachers with but a few books and no laboratory facilities did all the work in both collegiate and preparatory departments. Of the ninety-six students enrolled during Professor Northup’s first year at McMinnville College only seven with in the college department. Apparently on June 20, 1905, the Linfield Board of Trustees elected Dean Northup acting president with a salary of $1,200 a year. Professor Emanuel Northup was dean of the faculty by virtue of his long term of service as well as by designation of the board of trustees. In 1928, when hundreds of friends were congratulating him on the completion of his second score of years on the faculty of Linfield College, Professor Eugene S. Gardiner expresses the sentiments of many when he commented on the “service not only for its length but for its devotion.” Many of those whom Dean Northup, during ten student generations, watched pass through the college halls were “scared almost to death” by his brusque insistence on precision in mathematics, and later learned to see the “adorably friendly twinkle” in those eyes that often saw more in a man than the man saw in himself. On more than a few funny occasions in the old chapel, students making vain a struggle to stifle laugher got their cue for release when the massive shoulders of the Dean began to heave with inner mirth. To the old students he was “Baldy,” a name given in the same spirit that a towering granite peak might have been called Mt. Baldy. A well fitting toupee, worn during the last decade of his life, made it more natural for younger students to call him “the Dean.” In 1929 he resigned from the faculty, but he continued to live in McMinnville and until his death in 1933 was vitally interested in the school for which he had wrought so effectively for nearly half a century. In the college’s eightieth decade, Dean Emanuel Northup went into well earned retirement, and for four years remained the “Grand Old Man” of the college.

Source: Northup Family Genealogy
Emanuel "Uncle Hack" Northup was born the son of Isaac Northup and Phebe Elizabeth Saunders, on 13 July 1851; W. Oneonta, Otsego Co., NY. He was married to Maud Galer (b. 08 May 1867 in Pleasant Brook, NY.) on 18 February 1886 in W. Oneonta, Otsego Co., NY. They had seven known children. Emanuel Northup Died: 04 January 1933 in McMinnville, Ore.

Source: 1913 University of Chicago Alumni Directory
“Emanuel Northup. Dean, McMinnville Coll., McMinnville, Ore.” He received a “D.B. ‘51” means a bachelor of divinity degree from the University of Chicago in the year 1851.

Source: State of Oregon Superintendent of Public Instruction biennial report to the state Legislature Sept. 11, 1876
At the close of the year Professor W. J. Crawford offered his resignation and Rev. Emanuel Northup. of West Oneonta, New York, a graduate of Madison university, Hamilton, New York, and of Chicago Theological seminary, was elected in his place.

Source: McMinnville Telephone-Register Jan. 5, 1933
Dean Northup Succumbs Of Heart Disease Funeral Services To Be Held Friday At Baptist Church COLLEGE LEADERS TO ASSIST IN FINAL RITES Educator Connected With Linfield College For 41 Years
Dr. Emanuel Northup, 81, revered professor of mathematics at Linfield college for 41 years and a leader in civic affairs in McMinnville, died at his home here Wednesday morning of heart disease. He had been confined to his bed several months, but only became critically inn Tuesday. Funeral services will be held at the First Baptist church Friday afternoon at 2 o’clock and college glasses will be dismissed for the services. City business houses will be closed from 2 until 3 o’clock. Dr. W. Everett Henry, pastor, will conduct the services, assisted by Dr. Leonard Riley, president emeritus of Linfield, Prof. L. S. Shufmaker, and Dr. W.R. Frerichs Honorary pallbearers will be Charles H. Kopf, Prof. G.W. Payne, Prof. H.E. Hewitt, Dr. P.J. Orr, Prof. R. E. Storey, Prof. K.S. Sawtelle, J.K. Riley and Prof. Luther Taylor.

Was Civic Leader Dean Northup, as he was known to hundreds of graduates and ex-students of Linfield college, had been linked with every interest of the college since he became a member of the faculty in 1888. In addition to his duties as a teacher, he also was dead of the faculty from 1896 until 1929, treasurer of the college from 1906 to 1917, secretary from 1904 to 1906, and a trustee from 1904-05, 1917-24, and from 1930 until his death. Although burden with the many duties of the then struggling college, Dr. Northup also found time to take an active part in the Masonic lodge work and in civic activities. He was mayor of the city from 1903 to 1905, president of the Oregon Mutual Fire Insurance company in 1902-03, vice president of the company from 1903 until 1925 and a director of the American Savings and Loan association from 1923.

Active in Masonry Dr. Northup was a member of Union lodge, No. 43, A.F. & A.M., of which he had been chaplain and trustee; Taylor chapter of Royal Arch Masons; of which he had been grand chaplain since 1922; of Royal and Select Masters, and Delta Commandery, Knights Templar. Dr. Northup was born July 13, 1851, at West Oneonta, N.Y., and was graduated from Colgate university and Baptist Union Theological seminary. He later received a master’s degree from Colgate and an honorary degree from Linfield. Following his graduation, he held pastorates in Wisconsin, New York, Illinois and Oregon* before coming to this city to join the faculty of Linfield college, then known at McMinnville college. Besides his widow, Maud Galer Northup, whom he married in 1886, at West Oneonta, Dr. Northup is survived by a son, Truman of Newberg and three daughters, Elizabeth Northup and Lucy Kaufman of McMinnville and Fleeta Johnson of Oregon City. Macy and Sons are in charge of funeral arrangements.

Source: The Oregonian Jan. 5, 1933
OREGON EDUCATOR DIES DR. EMANUEL NORTHUP WITH LINFIELD 41 YEARS Widely Known Mason and Church Worker, 81, Ill Some Time, Victim of Heart Malady.
McMINNVILLE, Or., Jan. 4. (Special.) – Dr. Emanuel Northup, 81, for 41 years a member of the faculty of Linfield college and widely known in the affairs of the Baptist denomination and Masonic lodge, died today at his home here on heart disease. Dr. Northup had been confined to his bed several months and became seriously ill Tuesday. Funeral services are to be held in the First Baptist church Friday at 2 P.M. with Macy & Son in charge. Dr. W. Everett Henry, pastor, will officiate and the pallbearers will include members of the college faculty and Masonic lodge. Dean Northup, as he was known to hundred of graduates and ex-students of Linfield college, had been linked with every interest of the college since he became a member of the faculty in 1888. A graduate of Colgate university in 1879 and of Baptist Union theological seminary in 1883, he had also held pastorates in Wisconsin, Illinois, New You and Oregon. Dr. Northup was a member of Union lodge No. 43, A.F and A.M.; Taylor chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of which he has been grand chaplain since 1922; the Roy and Select Masters and Knights Templar. He also served as mayor of McMinnville from 1903 to 1905; president and vice president of the Oregon Mutual Fire Insurance company of McMinnville from 1902 to 1925, and had been a director of the American Savings and Loan association from 1923. He was born July 13, 1851, at West Oneonta, N.Y. Besides his widow, he is survived by a son and three daughters.

Source: McMinnville Telephone-Register Jan. 12, 1933
IS HE DEAD! Lines on the death of Prof. Northup Lynn Gubser
Said a voice from my office doorway “Our dear old friend is dead.” Then feelings of sadness came o’er me And I sat and bowed my head. I did not know him closely. As those of his town could do. But long I had grown to honor him. As a citizen strong and true. I never had sat in his classes. Nor worked with him even a day. But years I had known that ever He had led in the upward way. I never had learned to love him As those of his home had done – And yet, in a way I cannot explain, My respect he had long since won. How fine is life, if, in living. The lives of others are blest – And, when the journey is ended, We lure to the Haven of Rest. Is he dead? Ah, no. He is living. In the heart of every friend; And, through them, his life shall continue Till the cycles of Time shall end.


  • Both Emanuel and his wife, Maul Galer Northup, are buried at McMinnville Masonic Cemetery. See information here.

  • In Feb. 2011, a representative of the University of Chicago Special Collections Research Center told Wildcatville -- according to the Alumni Directory of The University of Chicago 1861-1906 -- "Emanuel Northrop graduated with a Bachelor of Divinity (D.B.) degree from the Old University of Chicago in 1883. This is confirmed by looking at subsequent directories published during the 1910s. This first University of Chicago, a Baptist school, was incorporated in 1857 and closed in 1886 because of finances. Its Board of Trustees changed the name of the institution to the "Old University of Chicago" in 1890.”

  • Current and former McMinnville College/Linfield College presidents

    Source: Fall 2007 Linfield Magazine with editing and additional information from Wildcatville

    Presidents of McMinnville College 1857-60 George C. Chandler*
    1864-67 John W. Johnson
    1873 J. D. Robb**
    1873-76 Mark Bailey
    1876-77 John E. Magers
    1877-78 Ep Roberts
    1878-81 J. G. Burchett
    1881-87 E.C. Anderson
    1887-96 Truman G. Brownson
    1896-1903 Harry L. Boardman
    1903-05 A. M. Brumback
    1905-06 Emanuel Northup (i)

    President of McMinnville College
    President of Linfield College 1906-31 Leonard W. Riley***

    Presidents of Linfield College
    1931-32 William (William) R. Frerichs (i)
    1932-38 Elam J. Anderson Sr.+
    1938-43 William G. Everson
    1943-68 Harry L. Dillin
    1968, 1974 Winthrop W. Dolan (i)
    1968-74 Gordon C. Bjork+
    1974-75 Cornelius Siemens (i)
    1975-92 Charles U. Walker
    1992-2005 Vivian A. Bull
    2005-06 Marvin Henberg (i)
    2006-present Thomas L. Hellie

    (i) = Interim

    *Oregon became a state on Feb. 14, 1859. Thus, at the start of his presidency, the college was located in the Oregon Territory. At the end of his presidency, it was located in the State of Oregon.

    **Feb. 20, 1873-July 10, 1873 according to Jonnason book.

    ***During his presidency -- on Jan. 11, 1922 -- McMinnville College changed its name to Linfield College

    +Elam J. Anderson Sr., Linfield president  1932-1938, was uncle of Gordon C. Bjork, 1968-1974 president. 

    Friday, February 04, 2011

    Linfield College, Reed College used to have twin libraries

    Color photos: Two of Northup Library and one, from Sept. 2010, during Northup Hall renovation. Black and White photos: Reed's library in its early years.

    Did you know that Linfield College in McMinnville and Reed College in Portland had sort of twin libraries?

    A footnote on page 429 of the book “Pietro Belluschi: Modern American Architect” by Meredith L. Clausen, published in 1999 by MIT Press, includes: “The plan (for Linfield’s library) followed the basic format of the Reed College Library…”

    In 1930, Reed’s original neo-Gothic style library, was opened. Designed by Pietro Belluschi, leader of architecture’s Modern Movement, the library at Reed consisted of the north and south reading rooms (now the reference rooms), the thesis tower, and basement stacks. It was dedicated as the Eric V. Hauser Memorial Library.

    Gay Walker, Special Collections Librarian at Reed College in Portland told Wildcatville in Nov. 2010, “Belluschi designed Reed's Hauser Library just after A.E. Doyle died (1928), and Doyle had plans for the library. I believe Belluschi's design is strongly influenced by the Doyle design, which makes it more similar to the collegiate Gothic architecture of the other two main buildings on campus at that time (also designed by Doyle), Eliot Hall and the Old Dorm Block, which are visible from the library.”

    As this information is posted at Wildcatville in February 2011, Linfield is renovating its three-story brick former library building. It was called Northup Library and opened in 1936. In the fall of 2003 Jereld R. Nicholson Library opened on the new part (former Hewlett-Packard property) on campus. Northup ceased being a library and became Northup Hall. In Nov. 2010,
    the college announced that Northup would become T.J. Day Hall, an academic center. Read about T. J. Day Hall in a June 18, 2011, article, “Brick classic gets high-tech retro-fit,” here. Also, see Oct. 12, 2011, McMinnville N-R article, "New Linfield digs delight one and all. And, while you are at it, look at “TJ Day Hall dedication celebrates history, future” from Oct. 12, 2011 Linfield Review.

    Building Northup Library was a cooperative effort of the City of McMinnville and Linfield. Funding the building came through a $29,250 federal Public Works Administration grant to the city and a $36,000 a City of McMinnville bond.

    The Linfield property on which Northup was built was deeded by the college to the city, and then leased to the college for ninety-nine years. Some information says McMinnville owned the building, too. Whatever the case, assuming the lease started in the year 1936, 99 years from that year would be 2035. However, in Sept. 2010, a Linfield official indicated the lease no longer existed. In other words, Linfield owned the property and the building. The official told Wildcatville, “We …own Northup Hall.”

    =Apparently Linfield took possession of Northup Library in 1951=

    The library is named for Emanuel Northup. It was built in 1936 “on land deeded by the college to the city, and then leased to the college" for 99 years. "This legal arrangement was necessary in order to secure a $29,250 Public Works Administration grant to help pay for the library since only cities and other public bodies were eligible to receive such grants.” Construction costs in excess of the Federal grant were paid for through a “City of McMinnville bond issue of approximately $36,000. The college guaranteed sufficient income from library fees to pay interest on the bonds and to retire them within fifteen years.” Source: Jonas A. Jonasson in Kenneth Holmes, Linfield’s Hundred Year.  Adding 15 years to 1936 gives you the year 1951.
    As a point of information: In 1962, the college added a wing to Northup’s south side. This expansion more than doubled the library’s size.

    After the library moved out of Northup in 2003, it was “closed for use,” according to one source or “used for storage for several years,” according to another source.

    Who was Emanuel Northup for whom Northup Library and Northup Hall was named?

    He joined the Linfield (then McMinnville) College faculty in 1888 and was the college’s interim president, 1905-1906. For many years, he was the college’s dean. Also, he served Dec. 1903-Nov. 1905 as mayor of McMinnville. He died in 1933. Northup Library opened in 1936, succeeding a library located in Pioneer Hall.


    This picture, with caption “Early photo of the north entrance of Northup Library,” is on page 6 of the Fall 2011 issue of Linfield Magazine as part of an article (pages 6-7, also see cover) headlined, “Campus hub Reawakens.”

    Some of the signage in TJ Hall photographed in Nov. 2011:

    Thursday, February 03, 2011

    Linfield history: Northup Library, Northup Hall, Northup House

    Photo of Northup House with this story was taken by Wildcatville on 6/9/2015.

    Linfield listing in a 1947 directory in the McMinnville Public Library reference section:


    Commons College Bg...McM-338-W
    Failing Hall...McM-483
    Failing Hall Penthouse...McM-202-J
    General Office College Bg...McM-179-J
    Graver Cottage Women’s Dormitory College Bg…McM-202-W
    College Bg...McM-202-W
    Miller House, 501 S Davis...McM-138-M
    New Dormitory...McM-192
    Northup House, 436 S Baker...McM-176-R
    Potter Hall...McM-352-J
    President's Residence...McM-325
    President's Office, College Bg...McM-484
    Shirley House, 435 College...McM-345-R
    Music Hall, College Bg...McM-345-J
    Treasurer & Comptroller...McM-69
    Villa Cottage, 335 College...McM-352-R

    Depending on your connections to Linfield you recognize some or a few (or none?) of the entities in the list. Of most interest to Wildcatville at the moment (June 2015) is:

    Northup House, 436 S Baker...McM-176-R

    The Northup name was for Emanuel Northup, a long-time member of the McMinnville College/Linfield College faculty, faculty dean and the college’s interim president, 1905-1906. He died in 1933.

    A McMinnville Telephone-Register story (Thur. Jan. 22, 1948) when Northup's wife, Maud Galer Northup, died, said the Northups came to McMinnville from New York and "settled in McMinnville in 1892." It says he was a member of the McMinnville college faculty for 41 years, 1892-1929. Subtract 1892 from 1929 and you have 37 years. Other sources say he started at the college in 1888. Add 41 years to 1888 and you have the year 1929.

    The college’s new library, a cooperative effort of the college and City of McMinnville, opened in 1936. It succeeded a library located in Pioneer Hall.

    According to Bricks Without Straw, published in 1938 and written by Jonas A. Jonasson, it was “deemed peculiarly fitting and proper” that the library “should be named the ‘Emanuel Northup Library,’ in honor of one who had been a civic leader and mayor of McMinnville as well as dean of the college faculty.”

    In 2003, what is now called Jerald R. Nicholson Library opened on the Linfield campus. At that point, what was Northup Library became Northup Hall. In 2011, following extensive renovation, Northup Hall was dedicated at T.J. Day Hall.

    Although Northup’s name is no longer on the building, there is a plaque in the building which reads:

    In memory of 
    Emanuel Northup
    Professor, Dean (1888-1929)
    Interim President (1905-1906)
    This Building Served as
    Northup Library, 1936-2003

    The plaque should also include:
    Northup Hall, 2003-2011

    This brings us to Northup House at 436 S Baker in McMinnville. Today the address of the same house is 436 SE Baker.

    The appendix of  Bricks Without Straw includes a section about the campus and buildings. It says, “On or near the campus of 44 acres at the edge of the city of McMinnville there are nineteen buildings used for educational purposes by Linfield College.” This list includes:

    Northup House, erected 1935, now valued at … ($)5,000

    As part of the City of McMinnville’s Historic Resources Survey, information about the house was compiled July 25, 1980.  This compilation says the first portion of the house, which it calls the “Dr. Northup House,” was built in 1890. It also says it was the “home of one of Linfield’s first presidents, Dr. Anderson. Dean of the College, Emanuel Northup lived here in 1912. The house was used for a fraternity house for a time.”

    McMinnville College became Linfield College in 1922. So, while Northup lived in the Northup House in 1912, he was working for McMinnville College.

    Roy “Hap” Mahaffey, long-time Linfield speech professor and his wife, Marian Mahaffey, knows for her long time association with McMinnville’s Lon Dee Flowers, bought the house from Linfield “around 1950.”

    Some know the structure as “Mahaffey House.”

    Elam Anderson was Linfield president, 1932-1938. Apparently, Elan and his wife, Colena (who was a Linfield English professor 1932-1938 and 1946-1964) lived in it from immediately after the house’s erection in 1935 until he left Linfield to become president of the University of Redlands in 1938.

    See the photo (taken 6/9/2015) of Northup House with this posting. Go to this link and access …

    … the third page of the three page PDF  shows photos of Northup House from Aug. 2001 and 1983.